In Vitro Effect of the Reproductive Hormones on the Oxidative Burst Activity of Polymorphonuclear Leucocytes from Cows: A Flow Cytometric Study.
Agricultura e Produção Animal
A. Chaveiro, F. Moreira da Silva. 2009. In vitro effect of the reproductive hormones on the oxidative burst activity of polymorphonuclear leukocytes from cows: a flow cytometric study. Reproduction in Domestic Animals. (Epub ahed of print)
Content In this study, the effect of reproductive hormones and substances with hormonal activity on the oxidative burst activity of blood polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMN) high yielding dairy cows was evaluated. Different concentrations of: progesterone, oestradiol 17beta, FSH, LH, GnRH, cortisol and PGF2alpha were incubated in vitro for 4 h with PMN of seven high milk yielding cows, during the period of anoestrous postpartum. Controls were run in parallel in which each hormone was replaced by its solvent. After incubation with hormones the competence of PMN to generate H(2)O(2) was monitored by flow cytometry. A down-regulation on the oxidative burst activity of PMA-stimulated PMN was observed when cells were incubated with progesterone. Significant (p = 0.001) differences between control and progesterone incubated cells were observed from 6.56 mug/ml. The same predisposition was observed when PMNs were incubated with cortisol. Besides for all concentrations employed, a decrease in the burst activity was observed, only beyond 0.19 mg/ml, statistical differences between the results obtained by the control and the cortisol incubated cells were obtained. Concerning oestradiol 17beta, an increase on H(2)O(2)-production was observed when PMN were incubated with 15 pg/ml and 45 pg/ml of this steroid (p = 0.05), followed by a depression of the cell's activity when unphysiological concentrations were employed. Significant (p = 0.05) differences between the obtained with the control and oestradiol 17beta incubated cells were observed only in the highest concentration of oestradiol. No statistical differences were observed in the metabolic burst activity of PMN incubated with FSH, GnRH and LH when compared with the results obtained by the control.
Segunda, 16 Novembro, 2009
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