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O Instituto de Investigação e Tecnologia da Agronomia e Meio Ambiente (IITAA) desenvolve trabalho de investigação com o objetivo de perseguir estudos em diversas áreas, como a caracterização / previsão do clima insular e os efeitos das mudanças globais em comunidades do oceano para os to... Ler mais »

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The effects of supplementation with sunflower and soybean oils on the fatty acid profile of milk fat from grazing dairy cows

Agricultura e Produção Animal

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Referência

Oldemiro A. Rego, Henrique J. D. Rosa, Paula V. Portugal, Tiago Franco, Carlos M. Vouzela, Alfredo E.S Borba and Rui J. B. Bessa (2005). The effects of supplementation with sunflower and soybean oils on the fatty acid profile of milk fat from grazing dairy cows. Animal Research, 54, 17-24.

Resumo

The objective of this study was to observe the effect of supplementation with vegetable oils (VO) on the fatty acid profiles and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) content of milk fat. Twelve dairy cows in mid lactation fed on pasture were blocked by body weight, milk production and days in lactation and randomly allocated from blocks to 3 treatments repeated in a Latin square design with periods of 28 day duration. The treatments were as follows: cows on pasture supplemented with 5 kg concentrate per head per day (C), supplemented with 4.5 kg concentrate + 0.5 kg sunflower oil per head per day (SFO) and supplemented with 4.5 kg concentrate + 0.5 kg soybean oil per head per day (SBO). The animals were grazed as a group and were stocked at 2.5 heads per hectare. The treatments had no effect on milk yield or protein yield and content, but decreased milk fat yield and content (P < 0.05). Milk fat from the cows supplemented with VO had a lower concentration of short and medium chain fatty acids (P < 0.05) and a higher concentration of long chain fatty acids (P < 0.05). The addition of VO to the diet also resulted in a reduction in saturated and an increase in unsaturated fatty acids of milk fat (P < 0.05). The hypercholesterolemic fatty acids in milk fat (i.e. C12:0, C14:0 and C16:0) decreased while the concentration of oleic and linoleic acids increased with VO (P <0.05). There was no effect on linolenic acid. Finally, the inclusion of VO in the diet increased (P <0.05) the contents in milk fat of the various cis/trans isomers of oleic acid (including trans-vacenic, TVA) and of CLA which increased by 61%.

Sbado, 31 Dezembro, 2005

Equipa

Alfredo E. S. Borba
Diretor do IITAA
Carlos Fernando Mimoso Vouzela
Membro Integrado com contrato
Henrique José Duarte Rosa
Membro Integrado com contrato
Oldemiro Aguiar do Rego
Membro Integrado com contrato

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